Capital gains tax (CGT) is levied when you sell or give away an asset that has increased in value.
In the 2013-14 financial year, it is levied at a rate of 18 per cent for lower rate taxpayers and 28 per cent for higher-rate taxpayers on any gain or profit above an annual exempt amount, which stands at £10,900 for the 2013-14 financial year.
Entrepreneur’s relief on the disposal of a business effectively reduces the rate to ten per cent on gains of up to £10 million, accumulated during the taxpayer’s lifetime. The relief also applies to gains on disposals of certain shares and assets associated with a qualifying company.
There are exemptions to CGT, including the transfer of assets between married couples and civil partners and the profit on the sale of a principal residence. Other exemptions include gifts to charities, privately owned cars and personal belongings where the sale proceeds are less than £6,000.
However the sale of a second home, shares or other property, such as antiques or jewellery, which has gained in value, is likely to be liable to CGT.
How to pay: CGT must be paid by 31 January after the end of each tax year. For example CGT on gains made in 2013-14 must be paid by 31 January 2015.
It is paid through the self assessment system, and will normally be calculated as part of your self assessment tax return.
The CGT tax regime is so complex that if you do not receive a self-assessment tax return, but think you might be subject to CGT or want to claim losses, we recommend that you talk to a professional advisor.
There are numerous ways to pay your capital gains tax to HM Revenue & Customs, including Bacs, cheque, debit card or credit card, direct debit and internet banking.
For more information, visit http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/cgt/index.htm
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